Prepositions are little words such as with, for, of, around, or near. Some prepositions can be confusing. Often these are the ones that show time or place.
Prepositions That Show Time
Use at to show a specific or precise time:
I will call you at 7:30 p.m.
The movie starts at midnight.
Use on with a specific day or date:
The meeting is on Friday.
Frances begins basic training on June 23.
Use by when you mean “no later than that time:”
Jean has to be at work by 8:00 am.
We should be finished with the cleaning by 5:00 p.m.
Use until when you mean “continuing up to a time:”
Yesterday I slept until 10:00 a.m.
The dentist cannot see me until tomorrow.
Use in when you refer to a specific time period (minutes, hours, days, months, years, etc.):
I’ll be with you in a minute.
Nikela works in the morning. (Note: You can also say in the afternoon, or in the evening, but at night.
Use during when you refer to a continuing time period or within the time period:
I fell asleep during his speech.
My sister will study management during the summer.
Use for to tell the length of a period of time.:
We have been married for two years.
Wanda and Max cleaned the attic for three hours.
Use since to tell the starting time of an action:
He has been calling since 9:00 a.m.
We have been best friends since Grade Three.
Prepositions That Show Place
Use in to refer to a country, region, province, city, or neighbourhood:
He studied in Germany.
Mr. Etienne lives in Hamilton.
Use in to refer to an enclosed space:
He put the money in his wallet.
Diana waited for me in the living room.
Use at to refer to a specific address:
The repair shop is at 7330 Glades Road.
I live at 7520 Maple Lane.
Use at to refer to a corner or intersection:
We went to a garage sale at the corner of Spring Street and High Park Avenue.
The accident occurred at the intersection of Lakeshore Boulevard and Temple Road.
Use on to refer to a street or a block:
Dr. Lopez lives on Hawthorne Street.
Malcolm bought the biggest house on the block.
Use on to refer to a surface:
Put the sandwiches on the table.
There was a bright rug on the floor.
Use off to refer to a surface:
Take the sandwiches off the table.
She wiped the mud off the floor.
Use into and out of for small vehicles such as cars:
Our dog leaped into the convertible.
The children climbed out of the car.
Use on and off for large vehicles like planes, trains, buses and boats:
I was so seasick, I couldn’t wait to get off the ship.
I like to ride on the bus.